Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) protocols are common for both procedures on animals and other general procedures, like how to operate the local autoclave or lab safety with radioactive substances. It is a to-do list in correct order.

However, assessing someone’s ability to perform a procedure is different as some steps in an SOP may involve some expected underlying competence, like “insert the feeding tube into the rat’s stomach”. To assess this competence you may want to use a DOPS protocol, which can be your assessment criteria.

Example of a protocol for Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS) (by Emma Khan)